The economic slowdown has India’s venture capital firms (VCs) focusing more on shepherding firms they have invested in, and going slow on chasing new deals.
“In the first half of the year, we will focus on existing businesses, and the second half depends on how the first half goes,” says Sandeep Murthy, partner, Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield and Byers, and Sherpalo Ventures.
Firms such as Helion Venture Partners and Draper Fisher Jurvetson, too, say they will do fewer deals.
2008 saw a reining in of valuations, on the rise since 2006, when venture and private equity (PE) investing returned to India in a big way, in the aftermath of a meltdown in the equities market starting September 2008.
PE and venture firms invested US$3.75 billion (Rs18,300 crore) in Indian firms in 2008 (until mid-December 2008), data from Thomson Reuters shows.
Valuations are expected to slip further in the coming months. “They have already come down by about 30-50% compared to 2007, we expect it to come down further by 10-15% in 2009,” says Chandrasekhar Kandasamy, managing director, ePlanet Ventures.
This may lead to companies raising second and third rounds of financing at lower valuations than the first round. Such deals, called down rounds, are now beginning to show up in the market, say industry insiders.
While this is bad news for both a firm’s founders and current investors, most VCs say they are willing to negotiate down rounds for their portfolio firms, even if that means the funder’s investments are valued lower.
“In cases where the current market price is lower than the last round price, we will advice our entrepreneurs to be realistic on expectations, given the current market situation,” says K P Balaraj, managing director, Sequoia Capital India, which has four to five firms in its portfolio looking to raise follow-on funding in 2009.
Deals will also take much longer to close than before as VCs raise the bar for investments. “Earlier, if it took four months, it may take six months now,” says Kumar Shiralagi, managing director, NEA IndoUS Ventures.
In addition to strong management teams and large market opportunities, VCs are now emphasising capital efficiency as a factor for new investments. “The level of scrutiny and diligence, especially around business models and financial assumptions, will be higher,” says Mohanjit Jolly, executive director, DFJ India.
VCs will also invest in far more sectors than before, others say. Firms listed education, healthcare, logistics, financial services, clean technology and second generation outsourced services as areas of interest for 2009.
“Unlike the consolidation in the BPO (business process outsourcing) space, there is a fair amount of niche work in the KPO (knowledge process outsourcing) space,” says Rahul Khanna, director, Clearstone Venture Advisors.
While a few funds such as Canaan Partnersand NEA IndoUS Ventures say they will continue to focus on mainstay venture sectors of technology and tech-enabled services, others say that visibility into earnings will play a stronger role in investments than sector focus alone.
“We will look at sectors with recurring revenue streams in domestic consumption opportunities,” says Rishi Navani, managing director, Matrix Partners India, which plans to focus on later-stage growth equity deals rather than early rounds of venture financing.
Interest in consumer-focused Internet and mobile services is a bit subdued this year, particularly for businesses that depend on advertising alone. “Too many consumer-Internet companies with exclusively ad-funded models were funded over the last few years. Those that raised small amounts burnt a lot of cash,” says Promod Haque, managing partner, Norwest Venture Partners, who predicts a shakeout in the area.
2008 saw homegrown VCs raising their second fund, a sign of confidence shown by limited partners (institutions that invest in equity funds) in India.
Domestic venture firms such as Bangalore’s Helion Venture and Mumbai-based Nexus India Capitalthat began operations two years ago, raised US$210 million and US$220 million, respectively, both larger than their first fund.
Bangalore-based Erasmic Venture Fund merged with Palo Alto, California-based Accel Partnersand raised its second fund of US$60 million, while Mayfield Fundclosed its first dedicated India fund of US$110 million.
While fresh capital has been raised by some, the pace of investing will be slow. As start-ups and venture firms ring in a year marked by uncertainty, it remains to be seen how investments pan out in the days to come.